FORTRAN IV

The FORTRAN IVlanguage is oriented toward solving prob­lems of a mathematical nature. The name FORTRAN comes from the combination of the words formula translation. The version of FORTRAN IV has been designed as algebra-based programming language. Any formula or those mathematical relationships that can be expressed algebraically can easily be expressed as a FORTRAN instruction. FORTRAN is the most commonly used language for scientific applications.

PL/I

PL/I stands for programming language I. It was designed as a general-purpose language incorporating features similar to COBOL for data handling instructions and features similar to FORTRAN for mathematical instructions FORTRAN IV. PL/I is much more than a combination of the good features of both COBOL and FORTRAN, as it has many capabilities that are unique. Yet, although PL/I is one of the most versatile and the most power­ful of the programming languages, it is not the most commonly


Английский язык. Оыюяыквивыотерной грамотности 252

used. COBOL and FORTRAN have been available for a longer period of time than PL/I, and many more users work with those languages.

9. Просмотрите текст еще раз и ответьте на вопросы, ис­
пользуя информацию текста.

1. What is the process of writing instructions called? 2. What FORTRAN IV is a code? 3. How must instructions be written? 4. What is the foundation of any programming language? 5. How was the de­velopment of programming languages progressing throughout the years? 6. What are the most common problem-oriented lan­guages? 7. What is COBOL? 8. What functions was COBOL designed for? 9. What does FORTRAN serve for? 10. What ca­pabilities has PL/I?

10. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих
словосочетаний:

Языки программирования; блок-схема; кодированная форма; вид, удобочитаемый для компьютера; в соответ­ствии с набором правил; представить логические шаги программы; таким образом; совершенствовать языки про­граммирования; машинно-ориентированные языки; про­блемно-ориентированные языки; обычный термин; язык для программирования FORTRAN IV экономических задач; обработка информации; операции по вводу-выводу данных; гиб­кость; идентифицировать поле и его цели; решение проблем математического характера; сферы научного применения; универсальный язык; включать свойства; уникальные воз­можности; многофункциональный и самый мощный из языков программирования.

11. Найдите в текстах 1 и 2 слова, близкие по значению
следующим:

Nouns: command; line; characteristic; form; evolution; enu­meration; mistake; method; character; manual (instruction); consumption; storage; basics; abbreviation; interpretation; cor­relation; possibility.

Verbs: include; inform; process; protect; apply; permit; stress; suppose; learn; make up; write; key; explain; define; perfect; advance; decide; execute; demand.


153 Unit 11. Computer Programming

Adjectives: full; incorrect; usual; necessary; accessible; re­quired FORTRAN IV; considerable; floppy; possible.


documentbctaupt.html
documentbctbcab.html
documentbctbjkj.html
documentbctbqur.html
documentbctbyez.html
Документ FORTRAN IV